Nephrology

Nephrology is the Medical speciality concerned with Prevention,Diagnosis treatment of acute Kidney Injury and chronic Kidney disease.The Department serves as one of the biggest Dialysis center in north Karnataka Performing over 500 dialysis Procedures in a Month. we have Daily OPD for Outdoor Patients and Day care facilities for all age groups,

a well equipped Hemodialysis Units, Monitoring of the critically ill, Hemodialysis in critical care unit in the form of Continuous Renal Replacement Therapy(CRRT). The department works closely with urology vascular surgery and PathologyThe current dialysis unit is a sophisticated center located on the second floor of the hospital. we have 10 dialysis Machines, which caters to around 20 Patients everyday and provides 24×7 service. Slow Low Efficiency Dialysis (SLED) is being offered to selected hemodynamically  unstable Patients in the intensive care unit.

In the Last one and half year we have done more than 500 dialysis Procedures around 50 Kidney Biopsy, and more than 50 Plasmapheresis.

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Dr Sandeep Patil

MD,Nephrology

sandeep.patil@bldedu.ac.in

Nephrology FAQ’s

Facilities Available:

  • Kidney Biopsy
  • Plasmapheresis
  • 24×7 Hemodialysis
  • Intensive Care Unit
  • Slow Low Efficiency Dialysis

A nephrologist is a doctor who is certified in nephrology and specializes in diagnosing and treating kidney diseases.

Blood tests
• Glomerular filtration rate (GFR). This test measures how well your kidneys are filtering your blood. GFR begins to decrease below normal levels in kidney disease.
• Serum creatinine. Creatinine is a waste product and is present at higher levels in the blood of people with kidney dysfunction.
• Blood urea nitrogen (BUN). As with creatinine, finding high levels of this waste product in the blood is a sign of kidney dysfunction.
Urine tests
• Urinalysis. This urine sample can be tested with a dipstick for pH as well as the presence of abnormal amounts of blood, glucose, protein, or bacteria.
• Albumin/creatinine ratio (ACR). This urine test measures the amount of the protein albumin in your urine. Albumin in the urine is a sign of kidney dysfunction.
• 24-hour urine collection. This method uses a special container to collect all of the urine that you produce during a 24-hour period. Further testing can be performed on this sample.
• Creatinine clearance. This is a measure of creatinine from both a blood sample and a 24-hour urine sample that’s used to calculate the amount of creatinine that’s exited the blood and moved to the urine.

Your primary care doctor can help prevent and treat the early stages of kidney disease. However, sometimes these early stages may not have any symptoms or may have nonspecific symptoms such as fatigue, sleep problems, and changes in the amount you urinate.
Regular testing can monitor your kidney function, particularly if you’re at risk for kidney disease. These groups include people with:
• high blood pressure
• diabetes
• heart disease
• a family history of kidney problems


Testing can detect signs of decreasing kidney function, such as a decreasing GFR value or an increase in the level of albumin in your urine. If your test results indicate rapid or continuing deterioration of kidney function, your doctor may refer you to a nephrologist.


Your doctor may also refer you to a nephrologist if you have any of the following:
• advanced chronic kidney disease
• large amounts of blood or protein in your urine
• recurring kidney stones, though you may also be referred to a urologist for this
• high blood pressure that’s still high even though you’re taking medications
• a rare or inherited cause of kidney disease